Welcome to City of Tallinn
Tallinn serves as the capital of Estonia, and is the largest city in the country. The metropolitan area is home to over 412,000 people. The city is located on the Gulf of Finland in the north of the country. While there is certainly a lot of history and culture within the city of Tallinn, it is also entirely modernized, with any conveniences residents and visitors could want. As the European Capital of Culture for the year 2011, the city has much to offer in the way of entertainment, art, music, dining, and shopping. In addition, the Tallinn has some amazing architecture that dates back to historic times, some as far back as the Middle Ages.
Some of the most popular places of interest in Tallinn are historic structures, such as Toomkirik, or Dome church, which was founded in the thirteenth century. Also visited is the Oleviste Church from the thirteenth century, and Kiek-in-de-Kok, a cannon tower. Visitors should also see Kadriorg Park, the Town Hall Square, the Dominican Monastery, Toompea Castle, and Niguliste Church. In addition to some truly amazing architecture, the city boasts dozens of museums, galleries, and music performance halls. There are also dozens of festivals for food, music, and culture hosted in Tallinn throughout the year.
Sightseeing Of Tallinn
Getting to Tallinn in Estonia is easy. The Lennart Meri Tallinn Airport welcomes hundreds of international flights daily. There are also several ferry services from Finland, Sweden, and Germany into the city. Trains run on a regular schedule from several different European cities, as well as from the airport. There is also a reliable bus and coach system into Tallinn. Inside the city, visitors will find plenty of public transportation in the form of light rail and buses. There are also plenty of taxis in Tallinn to help travelers get to places of interest.
- Medieval Old Town . Excellently preserved, built in the 15-17th centuries. This compact area is best explored on foot.
- Viru Gate , ( Entrance to Viru Street ). This section of town is known as All-Linn or "Lower Town", as it's where the merchants and artisans of old Tallinn lived. Today, Viru is still Tallinn's trendiest shopping street and the entire All-Linn is the busiest (and most touristy) bit of Tallinn.
- Raekoja Plats . The square in the heart of the Old City, ringed with cafes and restaurants.
- Raekoda (Town Hall) ,. Built in 1371, this heavy stone structure dominates the square. It now houses the Tallinn City Museum.
- Toompea Hill . According to myth, the hill was built on top of the grave of legendary Estonian king Kalev, but more historically, it's solid limestone and the site of the Danish castle that founded the city in 1219. Toompea was the home of the Danish aristocracy and relations between the toffs and the plebs were often inflamed, which is why it's surrounded by thick walls and there's a gate tower (1380) guarding the entrance. Check out the viewpoints , some of which give great views over the city. There's also a cluster of amber ( merevaik ) shops around here.
- Alexander Nevsky Cathedral . a classic onion-domed 19th-century Russian Orthodox church that has become a touristy symbol of the city, much to the annoyance of nationalist types who regard it as a symbol of oppression. It was almost demolished in 1924 during Estonia's first brief spell of independence, but the Soviets left it to moulder and it has been restored to its former glory.
- Riigikogu , . Estonia's Parliament, pretty in pink.
- St Mary's Cathedral - Toomkirik . The oldest church in Tallinn, originally built as a Catholic church in 1229 but renovated and expanded many times since then, becoming a Lutheran church in 1561