Mediterranean climate on the coast, continental climate with mild to hot summers and cold winters in the plateaus and valleys to the east.
A short coastal strip on the Adriatic, an Alpine mountain region adjacent to Italy and Austria, mixed mountain and valleys with numerous rivers to the east. Central Ljubljana valley with Ljubljana marshes in the southern part. In the southwest there is the Karst ( Kras in Slovene, Carso in Italian) (where the name for karst topography actually comes from). The Karst region is a barren but beautiful limestone region directly north of the Italian city of Trieste.